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Recently the Rogers ACM Division introduced a new design program that is free to download called the MWI-2010 Microwave Impedance Calculator, a transmission line modeling tool for electronics engineers (setting up an account is required).

The MWI-2010 Microwave Impedance Calculator software doesn’t replace sophisticated suites of modeling tools, such as the Advanced Design System (ADS) from Agilent Technologies or Microwave Office from AWR. Nor can it challenge the prediction capabilities of a planar or 3D electromagnetic (EM) simulator such as the Sonnet suites from Sonnet Software. But what it does, it does well, which is to calculate key parameters for most common microwave transmission lines, including microstrip, stripline, and coplanar-waveguide transmission lines. The software is downloaded as an executable (.exe) file and runs on most Windows-based personal computers, including those with Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 operating systems. To speed and simplify the use of the software, Rogers also offers a 22-page operator’s manual in PDF file format.

Using the Transmission-Line Modeling Tool

The MWI-2010 program is based on closed-form equations derived from Poisson’s wave equations. The simple-to-use software can determine key parameters for a selected transmission-line type and laminate material, such as the conductor width and conductor metal thickness needed to achieve given impedance at a target frequency. The software’s intuitive graphical user interface (GUI) screen allows a user to select from a variety of different transmission-line types, including conventional microstrip, edge-coupled microstrip, conventional stripline, offset stripline, and conductor-backed coplanar-waveguide (CPCPW) transmission lines. The on-screen menus allow a user to select a transmission-line technology and a laminate material. Once a material, such as Rogers RT/duroid® 6035HTC material, is selected, its pertinent characteristics are also shown on the screen, including relative dielectric constant (permittivity), dissipation factor (loss), thermal conductivity, and thermal coefficient of dielectric constant. Moving a mouse cursor over any material name reveals additional information about the material.

Enter Parameters such as Thickness, Operating Frequency and RF Power Level

With a material in place, the next step is to pick a standard dielectric thickness from a menu, or enter a custom thickness. A standard copper cladding thickness must also be selected from a menu, or a custom thickness entered manually. Copper conductor roughness is also accounted for, either selected from a menu as a standard value, or entered manually as a nonstandard value. Similarly, a standard value for copper conductivity can be used in a calculation, or a custom value entered, although any change in the value for copper conductivity will affect all metal layers in a multilayer circuit.

The MWI-2010 software allows an operator to enter parameters pertinent to a specific application, such as operating frequency and RF power level. Once a user has selected the desired transmission-line type, dielectric material, material thickness, conductor width, thickness of the conductive metal cladding, etc., a calculation will provide results in terms of such transmission-line parameters as conductor width and conductor spacing for a selected impedance. The software can generate insertion loss tables of data that can be used to create plots of loss versus frequency, and these plots can then be compared to actual measured results from a microwave vector network analyzer (VNA).

This exact procedure was performed to evaluate the accuracy of the MWI-2010 software for calculations of conventional microstrip parameters. MWI-2010 calculations performed for conventional microstrip transmission lines have proven to be extremely accurate since they include the effects of dispersion as well as copper roughness. For example, calculations performed on RT/duroid 6035HTC laminates have compared quite closely with actual measurements. These are ceramic-filled PTFE composite materials with a dielectric constant of 3.5 at 10 GHz and dissipation factor of 0.0013 at 10 GHz. In a comparison of MWI-2010 predictions versus measurements for a 20-mil-thick microstrip transmission line on RT/duroid 6035HTC with 1-oz. copper cladding, predicted and measured data matched almost exactly through 6 GHz. The predictions do not maintain the same accuracy above 7 GHz for this particular model, but still track the measured data very closely even at those higher frequencies.

The MWI-2010 software may not be able to match the accuracy of an EM simulator for a given prediction, but it is considerably faster, providing results almost instantaneously. It has been found to be most accurate for calculations on conventional microstrip and stripline, very accurate with edge-coupled microstrip and offset stripline transmission lines, and fairly accurate with conductor-backed coplanar-waveguide (CBCPW) transmission lines, although in the case of CBCPW transmission lines, vias must be properly placed to ensure accurate results.

Calculating the impedance of transmission lines is not trivial, since a number of factors can affect impedance. In microstrip, the width of the conductor and thickness of the dielectric substrate impact impedance. In CBCPW, not only the conductor width and dielectric thickness, but the spacing on the signal plane between the signal conductor and the adjacent ground planes will affect impedance. The MWI-2010 software is free, and provides results fairly quickly that are accurate and can be saved for use in other programs, including in word processors or in spreadsheets for creating x-y plots. In addition to calculating the impedance and loss of a transmission line, the MWI-2010 software provides information on a laminate’s effective dielectric constant, signal wavelength, skin depth, the electric length for a transmission line at a selected frequency, and propagation delays. It can even calculate the temperature rise above ambient temperature for a selected laminate based on an input RF power level.

For anyone needing a quick impedance calculation for designing a filter, coupler, or other high-frequency circuit, the MWI-2010 software provides usable results. And the price is right!

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12 Responses to Calculate Microwave Impedance with Transmission-Line Modeling Tool

  1. [...] developers of CAE simulation software tools. In addition, those values are now included in the MWI-2010 Microwave Impedance Calculator, the Product Selector Guide, and in the Slide Rule published in the November 2010 issue of [...]

  2. [...] a microstrip circuit for both DC and RF power, and can be used in conjunction with Rogers’ free Microwave Impedance (MWI) Calculator to predict the thermal effects on a wide range of microstrip [...]

  3. mathew says:

    Kindly provide the Microstrip calculator.
    Thanks,
    A.M.Mathew,
    Sr.Manager.

  4. Dave Reynolds says:

    Hi, I’m not sure if it’s cock-pit error on my end, but I seem to be unable to register. Every time I try, it asks me to enter e-mail and password…then tells me I must register. Any help would be appreciated.
    Thanks

    • Juliann Grant says:

      Hi Dave,
      Do you already have an account or need a new one? I just tested setting up a new account for myself and it worked. To the right to email login is the “set up a new account” prompt. Do you see that?

  5. David Reynolds says:

    Greetings Grant,
    I’m trying to register so that I may download your software package “Microwave Impedance Calculator”.
    I enter all my information that is being asked for….then I hit “register”….then I go to a page that asks me for my e-mail and password. When I enter my e-mail and password, the system tells me “Your login credentials are incorrect. Please try again.”

    I’ve tried now from two different locations on two separate computers trying different browsers…..but to no avail. Any help would be appreciated.
    Thanks,
    Dave
    C&M Ssytems

  6. Anton says:

    Hi, I want to use this program in my work, but always have the problem. when I try to choose material, line ‘An Error Occured ‘ appear.
    I don’t know why it happens, but I can run program and choose and change properties and parameters of materials. The last picture shows my Net framework versions.. maybe, it will be helpfull.
    Any help would be appreciated.
    Thanks,
    Anton
    Engineer
    MKW Telecom

    • Juliann says:

      There are a couple of issues which can occur when using this software.

      The first issue is that it should be installed and ran from your hard drive
      on your local computer. Please do not try to run the program from a
      network drive or a remote source.

      Another issue that I have encountered is related to foreign language. Your
      computer needs to have English as the base language of the computer
      operating system.

      Then the dot-net framework needs to be installed and that is normally not
      an issue with newer operating systems since about 2000.

      Please let me know if any of my concerns apply or if you still have the
      error.

      Best regards,
      John

  7. Tomás says:

    Hi,

    I’m trying to use the software in Windows 8 (no english version) but results are wrong. I’m not able to synthesize a 50Ohm line. Any hint?

    Software revision 2.2

    Best,
    Tomás

  8. wow, thanks. at last now i can validate our product and to prove that rogers is the right material.

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